There are many kinds of shrimp, wild, farmed, deep-sea, shallow-sea, and imported. There are many kinds. Shrimp eaters, there are several you know, which one do you like?
[Place name] prawn, prawn, meat shrimp, yellow shrimp (male), green shrimp (female shrimp), prawn.
[Morphological characteristics] The body grows large and flat on the side. The female body is 18 to 24 cm long, and the male body is 13 to 17 cm long. The carapace is thin, smooth and transparent, the female body is blue-blue, and the male body is brownish yellow. Female individuals are usually larger than males. The whole body of the prawn is composed of 20 knots, 5 knots for the head, 8 knots for the chest, and 7 knots for the abdomen. Except for the tail section, each section has a pair of appendages. There are 5 pairs of feet, the first 3 pairs are clamp-like, and the rear 2 pairs are claw-like. The center of the front edge of the head breastplate protrudes to form the frontal horn. The upper and lower edges of the forehead are serrated.
[Origin, season] Mainly distributed in the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea in China and the western coast of North Korea. China's Liaoning, Hebei, Shandong Province and Tianjin's coastal areas are important prawn production areas. In the past, the fishing season was divided into two seasons, spring and autumn, with spring flood from April to June; autumn flood from September to October. The mid-to-late October is the peak flood season.
At the end of 70 years, Chinese aquatic science and technology workers broke through the artificial breeding technology of prawns and solved the problem of artificially cultured prawns. At present, the Chinese shrimp farming production has been carried out on the coast of China from Dandong City in the north to the coast of Hainan in the south. The output is about 200,000 tons, which greatly exceeds the fishing volume in natural waters.
[Economic value] Fresh food can cook red braised prawns, fried prawns, prawns, pipa prawns, fried shrimps, etc. It is processed into dried seafood, dried shrimps, etc. which are excellent seafood. Chinese shrimp is the main product of China's aquatic products exports.
[Place name] grass shrimp, flower shrimp, beef-shaped shrimp. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations is known as the giant tiger prawn.
[Morphological characteristics] The body is dark brown and khaki horizontal stripes pattern. The upper margin of the frontal angle is 7-8 teeth, and the lower margin is 2-3 teeth. The frontal lateral sulcus is quite deep, extending behind the upper thorn of the eye, but the frontal lateral spine is lower and blunt, and the central sulcus of the posterior frontal ridge is obvious. There are obvious liver ridges and no stomach ridges.
[Origin, season] The distribution area is very wide, from southern Japan, South Korea, China's coast, the Philippines, Indonesia, Australia, Thailand, India to the east coast of Africa. There are two spawning periods in China's coastal areas from February to April and August to November each year.
[Economic Value] is currently the most common breed in the world. Two crops can be raised along the southern coast of my country. The shrimp grows fast, has strong adaptability, and has a variety of eating habits. It can tolerate a long time of dry dew, so it is easy to work and sell. The shrimp is the largest individual in prawns. The largest individual found is 33 cm long and weighs 500 to 600 grams. Mature shrimp are generally 22.5 to 32 cm long and weigh 137 to 211 grams, and are popular among consumers. The nutritional value is similar to other major shrimps.
[Place name] Prawns, White Prawns, Red Tail Prawns, Red Prawns, Daming Prawns, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization is commonly known as Red Tail Prawns.
[Morphological characteristics] The body is light brownish yellow, with 7-8 teeth on the upper edge of the frontal horn and 4-6 teeth on the lower edge. The lateral view of the base of the frontal horn is higher than that of the Chinese prawn and lower than that of the prawn Mochi. The posterior ridge of the frontal horn extends to the vicinity of the posterior edge of the head breastplate without a central groove. The first antennae whip is slightly longer than the head breastplate. The male prawns have long brush-like long hairs on the third palate, which is 1.2 to 2.7 times the length of the second section. There are intermittent depressions on the frontal ridge. The warts on the top of the front piece of the female connector are smaller than those of Penaeid Mochi.
[Origin, season] Mainly distributed in the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific from Pakistan to Indonesia. China's Fujian, Taiwan and the eastern coast of Guangdong are the most common. The sea fishing season is from October to January each year. At present, it is the main breeding target in coastal areas such as Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan.
[Economic value] The length of the spawning population of Penaeus przewalskii ranges from 13 to 19 centimeters and the weight is 28 to 80 grams. It is one of the large shrimps in the prawn class. The southern coast of China is farmed for 120 to 150 days, and the body length can reach more than 12 cm. This shrimp is more resistant to low temperature than other southern shrimp species and grows faster at lower temperatures, so it has a wider breeding area and is a better late-season breeding species in the south with better economic benefits. The shell of the prawn is thin and vulnerable to mechanical damage. The nutritional value is similar to other shrimps.
[Place name] Black section shrimp, flower shrimp, rich shrimp, flower foot shrimp, bamboo shrimp, bear shrimp, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization is commonly known as the tiger shrimp.
[Morphological characteristics] The body is dark brown and has a horizontal pattern of alternating brown and dark yellow. The swimming limbs are fuchsia. The upper margin of the frontal angle is 6-8 teeth, and the lower margin is 2-4 teeth. There are obvious liver ridges and no stomach ridges. The first antennae whip is shorter than its handle. The third step is beyond the middle of the second antennae scale, and the fifth step has a small outer limb.
[Origin, season] is distributed in the western Pacific Ocean of India, the Red Sea, the southeastern coast of Africa, Australia and Japan. It is distributed along the coast south of Fujian in China. Guangdong Yizhu. The output is higher west of Jiangkou. The spawning period is from April to May.
[Economic value] Penaeus brevis is one of the large shrimps. Mature shrimp can reach a length of 13 to 20 cm and weigh 30 to 120 grams. Less production. The nutritional value is similar to other shrimps.
[Place name] Pippi shrimp, shrimp rake, shrimp male camel.
[Morphological characteristics] The mantis shrimp is also known as the mantis shrimp. The first four sections of the head and abdomen healed, and the back breastplate and thoracic section were obvious. There are seven sections of the abdomen, the boundary is also obvious, and it is larger and wider than the two parts of the head and chest. There is a pair of large compound eyes with a handle and two pairs of tentacles at the front of the head. The top of the first pair of inner limbs is divided into three whip limbs, and the outer limbs of the second pair are scaly. There are five chests; for the appendages, the ends are sharply hooked to catch food. There are six sections of the chest, the appendages of the first five sections have gills, and the sixth pair of abdominal limbs are developed, forming a tail fan with the tail section. Shrimp females are dioecious, and males have custody at the end of the chest.
[Origin, season] Mantis shrimp is a coastal coastal species. Shrimp mantises live in shallow cement sand or reef cracks, and are distributed along the north and south coasts of China. The mantis shrimp is endemic to the Bohai Bay and has a relatively large output. According to the survey statistics from 1982 to 1983, the annual output is about 2,500 tons. The amount of resources is more than 5000 tons. The birth period is from April to May every year.
[Economic Value] Shrimp mantis has a delicious taste and low price, and is a favorite aquatic product of coastal people. It has also become a popular dish on the dining tables of hotels and restaurants in coastal cities.
[Place name] Shrimp, tiger prawn, flower tiger prawn, mud shrimp, kiwi shrimp, sand shrimp, red claw shrimp.
[Morphological characteristics] The body is light brown, with 6-9 teeth on the upper edge of the frontal horn and no teeth on the lower edge. There is no central groove, the upper whip of the first antennae is about 1/2 of the head and chest armor, the abdomen has longitudinal ridges on the back of the first to sixth sections, and the tail section has no lateral spines. The first pair of stepped feet had a seat joint thorn, and the last pair of stepped feet had no external limbs. The morphological characteristics of the new prawn is similar to that of the new prawn, the difference is that its abdomen swimming legs are bright red, the male connector is "Y" shaped, the female connector is "C" shaped, and the central plate is platform-shaped.
[Origin, season] Mainly distributed on the east coast of Japan, the East China Sea and the South China Sea, the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia and Australia. The peak period of spawning is from May to August in the coastal areas of China.
[Economic value] The new shrimp and the relative new shrimp are both small and medium sized shrimp in economic shrimp. The body length of the new Penaeus penaeus is generally 7.5 to 16 cm, and the body length of the nearby new shrimp is 8 to 15 cm. Both types of shrimp weigh 4 to 50 grams. Guangdong's coastal estuary areas have higher yields and thin body shells, which are two types of shrimps with higher economic value in the genus Penaeus. At present, Guangdong has started breeding. Listed in Hong Kong for about two months. The fishing survival rate is high, and it is more resistant to transportation. It is an important species of live shrimp that is exported to Hong Kong and Macao by fishermen around the Pearl River Estuary. The nutritional value is similar to other shrimps.
[Place name] Shrimp, red shrimp, shrimp skin, water shrimp, small white shrimp, seedling shrimp, small white shrimp.
[Morphological characteristics] The body is small, flat on the side, and the body is 2.5-4 cm long. The carapace is thin. The frontal angle is short, the sides are slightly triangular, the lower edge is oblique and slightly curved, and the upper edge has two teeth. The tail section is very short and the end is round without thorns; the rear half of the lateral edge and the trailing edge are feathery. There are only 3 pairs of walking feet and they are tiny pincers. The body is colorless and transparent, and the mouth part and whip are red, and the ventral surface of the sixth abdominal segment is slightly red.
[Origin, season] All of China's coastal areas are distributed, especially along the Bohai Sea with the largest output. The main producing areas are Liaoning, Shandong, Hebei, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Fujian. During the fishing season, the Bohai Sea is from March to June and September to December; Zhejiang is from March to July; Fujian is from January to April and] from January to December.
[Economic Value] Because of its thin shell and tender meat, it is suitable for processing into shrimp skin or shrimp paste. The shrimp skin on the market is processed from shrimp. There are many and convenient methods for family consumption, such as scrambled eggs with shrimp skin, boiled winter melon, roasted cabbage or radish, croquettes, stuffing and soup are very delicious.
White tail shrimp
[Place name] White shrimp, pentaprawn, green shrimp, eel shrimp, spring shrimp.
[Morphological features] body length 5 ~ 9 cm. The frontal horn is flat and slender, the base has 1/3 of cockscomb, the upper and lower edges are serrated, the upper edge has 6-9 teeth, and the lower edge has 3-6 teeth. The end of the tail section is tapered and thorny. The body color is transparent, with small blue or red spots, and the posterior edge of the abdomen is darker in color. The body was white after death.
[Origin, season] China's coastal areas are all produced, especially in the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea. It can be captured from April to October every year, and artificial breeding has begun in recent years.
[Economic value] White-tailed shrimp is an important economic shrimp in China's offshore waters, and its output is second only to Chinese shrimp and Chinese shrimp. The meat is tender and delicious. In addition to serving fresh food, it can also be processed into sea rice. Because it is golden yellow, it is also known as "golden hook shrimp". Its eggs can be used to make shrimp seeds, which are also excellent dried seafood.
[Place name] Malaysian prawn, freshwater long-armed shrimp.
[Morphological features] hypertrophy, greenish brown. There is one pair of appendages in each abdomen, and the tail appendages change into tail fans. The head and chest are thick, and the abdomen gradually thins from the back. The cephalothorax includes 6 sections of the head and 8 sections of the chest, and is surrounded by a shell. 7 sections of the abdomen, each surrounded by a shell. There are 1 pair of appendages in each section, which varies greatly. From front to back, there are two pairs of antennae, three pairs of jaws, three pairs of jaw feet, five pairs of walking feet, five pairs of swimming feet, and one pair of tail fans. Adult males are generally larger than females. The largest individual can grow up to 40 cm long and weigh 600 grams; females can grow up to 25 cm long and weigh 200 grams. The male's second step is particularly large, showing azure blue.
[Origin, season] Native to the Indian Pacific, living in various types of freshwater or brackish water, since the 1960s, it has been reared in some countries and regions in Asia, Europe, and America. It was introduced to China from Japan in 1976. At present, it is mainly promoted in more than 10 provinces (cities and districts) in the south, and Guangdong has developed the fastest.
[Economic value] The individual is large, the food is mixed, and the growth is fast, which is equivalent to that of Chinese prawns; under intensive conditions, it can grow 10 to 20 commercial shrimp per kilogram in half a year. The physique is relatively strong, can withstand the catch, can sell live shrimp, is a valuable product popular among consumers.
Penaeus vannamei is one of the three largest shrimp production in the world. It has strong disease resistance, fast growth, strong resistance to changes in water environment, long life, low requirements for bait, long survival time from water, easy to transport and sell, high meat content of shrimp, high market price, etc. advantage.